Verlaine, Paul

(1844-1896)
   poet
   A leader of the symbolist movement, Paul Verlaine was born in Metz and became interested in poetry at an early age. He was involved in the literary movements of the period. His first collection, Poèmes saturniens (1866), shows his affinity for the Parnassian movement. His Fêtes galantes (1869) evokes a scene from a painting by antoine watteau, and its sensual and affected subjects. Engaged to Mathilde Mauté, Verlaine described his thoughts on impending marriage in La bonne Chanson (1870), and expressed his hopes for a simple and tranquil life. His meeting with arthur rimbaud (September 1871) ended those plans, and his subsequent life together with Rimbaud in Paris, London, and in Belgium was a long series of altercations and separations. For firing two revolver shots at his companion (1873), Verlaine was imprisoned for two years at Mons. There, he wrote his collection, Romances sans paroles (1874), recalling his adventures with Rimbaud. shortly after his release, he underwent a religious conversion that inspired his mystical poems Sagesse (1880) and Amours (1888). He also tried unsuccessfully, with a young protégé, to be a farmer and then, for the rest of his life alternated between periods of intoxication and debauchery and ascetic repentance. With the publication of Poètes maudits (dedicated to Rimbaud, tristan corbière, and Stéphanie Mallarmé) and Jadis et Naguère, a collection of verse, Verlaine emerged as a symbolist poet. An erotic work, Parallelèment (1889), was followed by Liturgies intimes (1892), and Épigrammes (1894). Verlaine, who also wrote autobiographical prose (Mes Hôpitaux, 1892; Mes prisons, 1893; Confessions, 1893), not only exerted an influence on the French poets who followed him, but on various composers as well (gabriel fauré, henri duparc, claude debussy, Maurice ravel, and Igor Stravinsky).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Verlaine, Paul — ▪ French poet Introduction born March 30, 1844, Metz, France died January 8, 1896, Paris  French lyric poet first associated with the Parnassians and later known as a leader of the Symbolists (Symbolist movement). With Stéphane Mallarmé and… …   Universalium

  • Verlaine, Paul — (1844 1896)    French poet Paul Verlaine arrived in Brussels in July 1873 and wrote to his protégé Arthur Rimbaud (1854 1891) that he was planning to enlist in the Spanish army. Rimbaud arrived post haste and, in the course of frequenting several …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Verlaine,Paul — Ver·laine (vĕr lānʹ, lĕnʹ), Paul. 1844 1896. French symbolist poet whose works, noted for their fine lyricism, include Romances sans Paroles (1874) and Sagesse (1881). * * * …   Universalium

  • Verlaine, Paul — ► (1844 96) Poeta simbolista francés. Se inició en el parnasianismo y ha sido clasificado entre los poetas malditos, pero en realidad fue un escritor sincero que obedecía a la plenitud de cada momento. De aquí que sus Fiestas galantes (1869)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VERLAINE, PAUL —    French poet, born in Metz; has written lyrics of a quite unique type (1844 1896) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Verlaine, Paul (-Marie) — (30 mar. 1844, Metz, Francia–8 ene. 1896, París). Poeta lírico francés. Luego de ingresar al servicio civil, se asoció en un primer momento con los poetas Parnasianos y colaboró en el primer volumen de la antología titulada Le Parnasse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Verlaine, Paul (-Marie) — born March 30, 1844, Metz, France died Jan. 8, 1896, Paris French lyric poet. After entering the civil service, he was first associated with the Parnassian poets, contributing to the first volume of the anthology Le Parnasse contemporain (1866).… …   Universalium

  • Verlaine — Verlaine, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Verlaine — Nombre completo Paul Marie Verlaine Nacimiento 30 de marzo de 1844 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paul Steegemann Verlag — Paul Steegemann (Paul Friedrich Johann Steegemann, Pseudonyme Gustav Bock und Rainer Maria Schulze; * 3. Oktober 1894 in Groß Lafferde bei Peine; † 21. Januar 1956 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Verleger. Nach Volksschulabschluss und Tätigkeit als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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